Interactive kinetic façade: Improving visual comfort based on dynamic daylight and occupant’s positions by 2D and 3D shape changes
Applying active occupant engagement into a responsive façade concept leads us to a transition from the façade regulatory function to the interactive phase. The Interactive facade has the capacity for hierarchically filtering daylight and real-time control and preventing daylight discomfort. Literature referred to the responsive modular elements which can be adapted to dynamic daylight by continuously changing façade configurations. Parametric decentralized façade’s apertures interact with sun radiation based on the relationship between the external environment, interior space, and occupant position as well. The kinetic interactive façade can be transformed based on dynamic daylight and occupant position (functional scenario-based) to meet visual comfort. Also, daylight parametric simulation investigates visual comfort performance provided by the kinetic façade forms through climate-based daylight metrics. The simulation results prove the high performance of the kinetic interactive facades for improving visual comfort regarding the base case. In particular, the three-dimensional shape changes façade provides more visual comfort improvement than the two-dimensional shape changes one regarding Useful Daylight Illuminance, Exceed Useful Daylight Illuminance, and Daylight Glare Probability metrics. Also, the results refer to multifunctional aspects of the three-dimensional shape changes façade, as an advanced interactive daylighting system, which has a capability to control solar radiation in the facade ambient environment for preventing thermal discomfort as well.
Keywords: Kinetic façade, Interactive component, Visual comfort, Dynamic daylight and occupant’s positions
📆 Date: December 16, 2020
🕚 Time: 18:00 IRST
✔ Language: English
Organizing By: Department of Architecture and Energy, Faculty of Art & Architecture
Coordinator: Dr. Salah Vaisi
Presenter: Seyed Morteza Hosseini
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Seyed Morteza Hosseini was born in 1987 in Bojnurd the capital city of North Khorasan province, Iran. He graduated from Shomal University with a B.Sc. degree in Civil Engineering in 2010. His research interest during the final years of his undergraduate studies was focused on the structural design. Following his B.Sc. degree, he continued his education at Sariyan Institute of Higher Education and obtained his M.Sc. degree in Architectural Engineering in 2015 with his Master thesis titled “Residential tower design with an emphasis on the connection between structure and architecture”. In his M.Sc. studies, his main focus was on architecture harmony with the climate and building performance and energy modeling. Following a brief period in 2017 where he worked as a researcher at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), he started as a Ph.D. candidate in the same university in 2018 with the thesis “Development a morphological approach for interactive kinetic façade design to improve multiple occupants’ visual comfort simultaneously”. Seyed Morteza Hosseini (co-)authored 6 ISI journal papers, and 1 conference paper and he is a reviewer for several international and high reputational journals and conferences. Also, he is a technical committee member of the second International Conference on Civil Architecture & Energy Science (CAES 2020), which took place on March 20-22, 2020 in Changchun, China. Morteza has an outstanding ability to develop interdisciplinary research in the field of architecture, daylighting, and energy through parametric thinking and, and his research focuses on developing buildings’ multifunctional components and interactive kinetic facades.